Employment Improves, But Unemployment Persists
However, there was a significant conversion of part-time employment into full-time employment and of self-employment into paid positions. Both trends are positive for Canadian workers.
Meanwhile, there were 52,800 more employees as 28,000 fewer Canadians reported themselves as self-employed. The fact that self-employment is melting away during the recovery validates what union economists noted during the crisis: the surge in self-employment had reflected a lack of jobs.
Employment gains were spread among many industries and partially offset by losses in other industries. Four sectors each added more than 10,000 jobs: transportation and warehousing, financial services, health care, and public administration. It is difficult to generalize about the quality of new jobs because the first three industries comprise mixes of quite well-paid and quite poorly-paid positions.
Labour force growth exceeded job creation, increasing official unemployment by 8,100. National unemployment edged back above the 1.5-million mark.
Alberta substantially bucked this trend with 16,900 fewer workers unemployed. Conversely, unemployment increased quite significantly in Ontario (10,400), Manitoba (5,600) and British Columbia (5,900).
So, Canadaâ€™s labour market is recovering, but unemployment is not going away as an important social problem.