The Colour of Margarine in Quebec
As reported yesterday and today, the Government of Quebec has lifted its ban on margarine coloured to look like butter and the provinceâ€™s dairy farmers do not seem inclined to put up much of a fight.
This story has provided excellent fodder for witty headline writers:
“Canâ€™t believe itâ€™s not yellow?” – Globe and Mail
“Quebec margarine goes mellow yellow” – National Post
“Quebec spreads word that margarine battle over” – Toronto Star
I think that it also has a couple of important implications.
First, the prophets of doom about Canadaâ€™s supposed internal trade crisis will be scrambling to find another example now that the one bonafide inter-provincial trade barrier is gone. Get ready to hear a lot more about the size of cream containers and dimension requirements for trucks.
Second, itâ€™s worth emphasizing that the margarine issue was resolved by the Quebec government simply removing the restriction, rather than by some TILMA-style tribunal imposing a fine or by the federal government invoking its much-vaunted trade and commerce power. This episode undermines proposals for some new sweeping, legalistic approach to address inter-provincial barriers. Quebec has demonstrated that, as Marc and I have argued all along, itâ€™s possible to kill flies with flyswatters rather than with sledgehammers.
For those intrigued by the margarine issue itself, Karen Hawthorne has posted an interesting history. In 1950, the Supreme Court ruled that margarine was an area of provincial jurisdiction. I think that this decision helps explain why the inter-provincial margarine issue persisted, even though the courts have consistently struck down inter-provincial trade barriers in other areas.