Saskatchewanâ€™s Trade Deficits with Alberta and BC
As noted in December using 2002 figures, Saskatchewan imports more from its prospective TILMA partners than it exports to them. The 2003 figures are now available: Saskatchewanâ€™s trade deficit with Alberta was $2.1 billion and its trade deficit with BC was $0.4 billion.
Since there are currently no significant barriers to inter-provincial trade, signing TILMA would not significantlyÂ increase inter-provincial trade flows. However, if TILMA functioned as promised and facilitated greater inter-provincial trade, the consequence would be larger trade deficits for Saskatchewan. Others things being equal, this change would reduce Saskatchewanâ€™s GDP and employment.
The countervailing argument, and indeed the orthodox economic argument for free trade, is that higher productivity will increase GDP. However, higher productivity does not create jobs. If productivity gains increased Saskatchewanâ€™s GDP despite higher trade deficits, the result would not be greater employment. Even on a purely theoretical level, the Conference Boardâ€™s claim that TILMA would increase both GDP and employment in Saskatchewan is suspect.
In his review of the Conference Boardâ€™s work, Dr. Helliwell writes (pages 11-12), “it is surprising to see the Conference Board report, which is intended to show the long term equilibrium consequences of TILMA, reporting a net increase of 4,400 jobs. I gather that this was done by taking the presumed 0.92% provincial increase in GDP and calculating the number of workers it would take, on average, to produce that much GDP. But since the gain in GDP is coming from productivity increases, the increase in GDP is not based on hiring more workers but on reducing the number of workers required to produce a given amount of GDP.”