Mining in the NWT: Who Gets What?
Here is an excerpt from the post:
- The resource extractor: they pay royalties (the NWT has the lowest royalties in the world), and costs of production, then sell the resource at a profit. A mine is â€œeconomicâ€ when they can make a profit at a level that is worth it to them.
- The Government of Canada: gets all of the royalties; gets all the corporate taxes, gets income taxes. They also hand out various corporate subsidies and tax benefits, but that is another story.
- The Government of the NWT: gets no royalties. They get some taxes, and can tax income on residents, and again on residents and non-residents alike through that lovely payroll tax salaried workers contribute to. They also hand out various subsidies and corporate tax breaks.
- Aboriginal rights holders: if the mine is in your traditional territory, its likely you will get an Impact Benefit Agreement (IBA). That will see several communities sharing yearly cash payments, job quotas, and training opportunities; maybe a few scholarships as well. Terms of IBAs vary.
- Dene Land Claim signatories: there is a provision in the Dene land claim agreements that entitle them to 7.5% of the first $2 million of resource royalties from the Mackenzie Valley each year, and a further 1.5% of additional resource royalties per year.
Nick Falvo is a Calgary-based research consultant. He has a PhD in public policy.