McGuinty Proposes Undergraduate Tuition Grant
An Ontario electionÂ isÂ slated for October 6, and the reigning Liberal Party will attempt to pull off a third consecutive majority government. In that vein, the Liberals have recently made a slew of campaign promises in the post-secondary education (PSE) sector. Notably, they’ve committed to reducing undergraduate tuition for “middle-class Ontario families” by 30 percent, amounting to “$1600 per student in university and $730 per student in college.”
According to a September 5 Toronto Star article:
“The tuition break would be available only to students from families with a gross household income of $160,000 or less a year â€” about 86 per cent of the 360,000 students currently enrolled â€” and would take effect Jan. 1.”
Given that theÂ platform itself does not fullly explain the proposal, this morning I spoke on the telephone with the Hon. JohnÂ Milloy, Â Ontario’s Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities.Â While it’s true that many ofÂ the details have yet to be worked out, he explained to me the followingÂ about the tuition-grant proposal:
-The grants would be paid directly to universities and colleges, who in turn would be required toÂ pass the savings on to students. (I had heard prior to our conversation that some senior university administrators feared that universities and colleges would have to come up with this money themselves, but he assured me that there is not basis to that rumour).
-The focus is on undergraduate students leaving high school. Details have yet to be worked out as to whether part-time students would also be eligible.
-International students would not be eligible, nor would graduate students.
-This would be a permanent program (i.e. it would not be time-limited).
I believe that the tuition-grant proposal is worth paying attention to, in part because results ofÂ recent opinion polling suggest the Liberals areÂ indeed the party to beat, andÂ mayÂ indeed win their thirdÂ consecutive majority.
If nothing else, the tuition-grant proposal is indicative of the fact that the Liberals are making PSE affordability one of their highest priorities during the present campaign. It is expected to cost $423 million once fully implemented, representing almost one-third of all new spending proposed in the Liberal platform.
The proposalÂ isÂ all the more tellingÂ in light of the fact that many pundits believe that, noÂ matter which party formsÂ the next government,Â substantial spending cuts are imminent. Indeed, Tom Walkom has recently argued that itÂ is very highly likely that significant cuts to health care will take place in Ontario (irrespective of who forms a government) evenÂ though no party has thus far been willing to fully explain how it would bring about such cuts.
I asked Mr. Milloy how the Liberals could propose such an expensive commitment in light of the challenging fiscal times that lie ahead. He said that it’s preciselyÂ because of that context that the Liberals have proposed a total of just $1.5 billion inÂ new spending.
I consider the Liberals’ tuition-grant proposalÂ to be the second-most astonishing development in Ontario’s PSE sectorÂ over the past decade. The only development I’ve found more astonishing has been the actual track record on PSE affordability of aÂ leader who refers to himself as “the education premier.”Â As I’ve written about here, tuition fees in Ontario have become the highest in Canada, but were onlyÂ fourth-highest when Mr. McGuinty took power in 2003. What’s more, Ontario is now in last place nationally in terms of per-student PSE funding.
Last December, I wrote an opinionÂ pieceÂ that was highly critical of the Liberals’ handling of PSE affordability. I suggested that if Minister Milloy cannot improve PSE affordability, then perhapsÂ aÂ newÂ Minister should.Â This morning, IÂ may have spoken toÂ thatÂ newÂ Minister.
UPDATE (6 Nov 2011): The following Toronto Star article contains a few more details about the plan.
UPDATE (17 Nov 2011): A Toronto Star article confirms that the McGuinty government plans to implement the grant as of January 2011.
UPDATE (7 Jan 2012): Detailed information on the grant is available here.
UPDATE (10 Jan 2012): The Canadian Federation of Students hasÂ prepared a briefing note on the grant.
Nick Falvo is a Calgary-based research consultant. He has a PhD in public policy.