Tuition Increases by Stealth
On Tuesday night, Peterborough City Council approved a plan for a for-profit corporation to own and operate a new student residence at Trent University.Â I’m concerned that this may signal a new trend at Canadian universities; about a year ago, I blogged about a similar plan at the University of Toronto.
I am not opposed to private sector actors being hired to build student housing (or any other kind of housing, for that matter).Â Indeed, even when social housing is built, roughly 95 percent of the capital costs go to the private sector to pay engineers, land surveyors, lawyers, labourers and others.Â But as I argue in a 2007 policy paper, over the long term,Â rent increases significantly more when housing is owned and operated by a private entity as opposed to a not-for-profit entity.Â This in turn results in increases in rent for other tenants livingÂ in the same geographical area.
Thus, when a private entity owns and operates student housing, the cost of rent at some point (especially 10 or 20 years down the road) could easily be $100 more per month than if a not-for-profit entity owned and operated the housing.Â For a student living in the housing for a full year, this amounts, in effect,Â to a $1,200/year tuition increase.Â What’s more, these rent increases create upwardÂ pressure on rentÂ for tenants throughout the jurisdiction (probably less pressure in municipalities where students make up a small proportion of tenants, and more pressure in municipalities where students make up a larger proportion of tenants…such as in a “university town”).
When senior levels of government and universities allow for-profit entities to own and operate student housing, I believeÂ they do two things.Â First, they increase the cost of living for students living in said housing.Â Second (and less directly), they increase the cost of living for otherÂ students (and other tenants) living near that housing.
I think senior levels of government should work with universities to ensure thatÂ for-profit corporations never own and operate student housing.Â They should also ensure that student housing owned and operated by universities operates on a revenue-neutralÂ basis (i.e. universities should not use the student housing as a source of revenue to fund other activities).
Nick Falvo is a Calgary-based research consultant. He has a PhD in public policy.