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  • Unpacking the details of Manitoba Hydro September 9, 2019
    What would a long view of Manitoba Hydro all entail.  Read report here.
    Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
  • CCPA submission to Treasury Board consultation on regulatory modernization September 6, 2019
    On June 29, 2019, the federal government launched a public consultation on initiatives intended to "modernize" the Canadian regulatory system. Interested Canadians were invited to provide input on four current initiatives: Targeted Regulatory Reviews (Round 2) Review of the Red Tape Reduction Act Exploring options to legislate changes to regulator mandates Suggestions for the next […]
    Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
  • Join us in November for the 2019 CCPA-BC Gala, featuring Nancy MacLean September 3, 2019
    Tickets are available for our 2019 Annual Gala Fundraiser, which will take place in Vancouver on November 21. This year’s featured speaker will be Nancy MacLean, an award-winning historian and author whose talk, The rise of the radical right: How libertarian intellectuals, billionaires and white supremacists shaped today’s politics, is very timely both in the US and here in […]
    Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
  • Report looks at captured nature of BC’s Oil and Gas Commission August 6, 2019
    From an early stage, BC’s Oil and Gas Commission bore the hallmarks of a captured regulator. The very industry that the Commission was formed to regulate had a significant hand in its creation and, too often, the interests of the industry it regulates take precedence over the public interest. This report looks at the evolution […]
    Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
  • Correcting the Record July 26, 2019
    Earlier this week Kris Sims and Franco Terrazzano of the Canadian Taxpayers Federation wrote an opinion piece that was published in the Calgary Sun, Edmonton Sun, Winnipeg Sun, Ottawa Sun and Toronto Sun. The opinion piece makes several false claims and connections regarding the Corporate Mapping Project (CMP), which we would like to correct. The […]
    Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
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The Caisse and the mysterious life of market makers

The political crisis around the Caisse’s dismal performance continues to haunt the political scene in Québec. Urged to explain how up to 40 billion dollars might have been lost during his management Caisse ex-director Henri Paul Rousseau largely blamed the economic and financial crisis, factors beyond his control. Asked why and how the Caisse ended up with so much ABCP in its books in the weeks leading up to the credit crunch (more than half  of non bank ABCP) Rousseau replied that it remains “one of the mysteries of life”. 

Some mysteries are more easily solved then others.

When Rousseau was called to the helm of the Caisse by PQ Prime minister Bernard Landry (and self-styled third way social democrat) he explicitly underscored his desire to change the Caisse’s dual mandate from the active pursuit of economic development and financial returns to a new mandate inspired by financial market efficiency theory: what’s good for financial markets must be good for economic development. Armed with this new mantra Rousseau asked that the Caisse’s operations and investment decisions by “neutralised” politically and that the mandate to develop Québec’s economy and protect “Québec INC’s interests” be scrapped. It took a provincial election and the rise to power of the (neo) liberal party of Jean Charest for the mandate to be changed. Progressives and left wing nationalists have argued since that the Caisse has not only deserted Québec’s economy as a major investor, but that it has tacitly supported neoliberal policies such as P3’s. 

What does this have to do with ABCP ? I’ve argued in the francophone press (an op-ed piece in the Devoir)  and media that in fact the Caisse did have a new mandate of economic “development”. Given it’s size in Québec’s economy and in Canada’s financial system, a decision to limit the Caisse’s investment strategy to the pursuit of highest possible financial returns condemned the Caisse to develop Canada’s …. financial markets. The Caisse owned at least a 10% stake in Coventry, a major provider of non bank ABCP, it also controlled the Montreal exchange, who’s derivative activity is intimately tied to the development of non bank ABCP, and it  works closely with National Bank, a major reseller and broker in the non bank ABCP market in Canada back in the good old days when these constructs where assimilated to highly liquid, highly secure, highly profitable “money market” instruments. All the evidence I’ve stumbled on seems to point to the Caisse acting as “market maker” in this situation, why ? Because developing this new segment was highly profitable in a context of low returns on stock, because it supported the Montreal exchange’s bid to become an important player in the derivatives scene, because it dovetailed with the National bank’s strategy, and on the whole the Caisse seemed, back then, to help Montreal’s insignificant financial district become a significant player again. 

Progressives in Québec are arguing that in times of economic crisis and crunched credit markets the Caisse should be available as a policy tool to help our beleaguered manufacturing sector weather the storm and more importantly lead with a public investment strategy our economy towards greener and more socially sustainable growth. Instead the current government is thinking of having the Caisse finance P3’s that the private sector can’t fund and has named the head of the Montreal exchange as president of the Caisse’s administrative council…. more of the same to come ?

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